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Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, Hippodrome, Topkapi Palace and all other highlights of Istanbul city

HIGHLIGHTS ISTANBUL

Istanbul Bosphorus Cruise Agency

Highlights of Istanbul

BLUE MOSQUE

The mosques are where the muslims pray five times a day and come together. The Blue Mosque (Sultanahmet Mosque) is the one of the most important mosque of the muslims in Turkey. It was built by Sultan Ahmet I. between the years 1609-1616. Despite it is not the biggest mosque in Turkey, It shows of the Ottoman architecture on the other hand shows Ottoman?s hand arts such as calligrapies and the blue Iznik tiles, surrounding walls inside of the mosque moreover it is the only Ottoman mosque has the six minarets.

There are more than two thousand mosques in Istanbul and none of them is museum. The mosques are still active because of it is required that shoulders and hairs must be covered for woman. Take it your memories!

HAGIA SOPHIA

The eighth wonder of the world ! which means "the holly wisdom" named by the Roman emperors. It was built by the Roman emperor Justinian the I. between the years 532-537 A.D as catedhral. It is the most well preserved Roman construction that still standing, in Istanbul. Hagia Sophia was construsted by including the late Roman architecture and the best architects designed it according to basilica plan. After the emperor completed Hagia Sophia he entered with the words; "Soloman, i have surpassed you!". He achieved the build the biggest construction on earth in that age.

Hagia Sophia was used as a church for 916 years and as a mosque for 481 years. In 1934, by the order of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, it was made a museum and opened to visitors.

HIPPODROME

All details of the monument, however charged with multiple ornaments it may be, simultaneously contribute to a general effect that is always simple and always unique. In 324 A.d , Emperor Constantine moved the seats from rome to Byzantium and renamed city as New roma but public said the city of constantine as '' CONSTANTINOPOLIS '' , ordered to built Hippodrome which means Hippos; horse, Drome; Square, with 456 meter long and 128 meter wide.

It is ''U'' shaped , with 100.000 spectators capacity and Kathisma( lodge of Empire ). Decorated with Obelisk, Serpent Column, Walled Obelisk, German Fountain.

TOPKAPI PALACE

Doubtless the palace is located in the most beautiful point of Istanbul that facing toward the Golden Horn, sea of Marmara, Europe, Asia and islands.

The palace was divided into two parts (Birun and Enderun), it has three Gates (Divan-i Humayun,Babus Selam,Babus Sade) and Harem section where the sultan’s familiy lived with the concubines. After passing trough to the first gate you enter the museum and you visit the exhibitions room one by one. Such as treasury room, islamic relaics room, Baghdad pavilion, sultans portraits room, library, clocks gallery, army collection room, imperial parliment and also 86 carats diamond (kasikci) can be seen

CAMLICA HILL

While walking on europian side you can see each historical things one by one. A common word of the locals “ Istanbul is watched from asian side”. It is absoluetly right when you visit the highest spot of Istanbul, you see this uniuqe city like a painting.

The hill is located on asia, it is the highest point in Istanbul. Acrossing the bosphorus bridge you can reach the hill. The hill welcomes you with pine trees,many seats,restaurant. it is where the local people go and spend time and you can join them to become one of them.

GOLDEN HORN

This horn-shaped estuary divides European Istanbul. One of the best natural harbours in the world, it was once the centre for the Byzantine and Ottoman navies and commercial shipping interests. Today, attractive parks and promenades line the shores, a picturesque scene especially as the sun goes down over the water. At Fener and Balat, neighbourhoods midway up the Golden Horn, there are entire streets filled with old wooden houses, churches, and synagogues dating from Byzantine and Ottoman times.

SULEYMANIYE MOSQUE

Suleymaniye, rather than a mosque, is one of the symbols of Istanbul and can be seen from the every part of Istanbul.

It was built by Suleyman II the Magnificent between (1550-1557). The architect was the greatest of Ottoman architects, Mimar the Great Sinan. Like the other Ottoman mosques,were built by the sultans, the construction has some parts such as bath, education center, dormitories, fountaines etc. For the public.

EGYPTIAN BAZAAR

Also known as the Spice Market, this is Istanbul's second bazaar, constructed in the same complex as Yeni Camii (or New Mosque).

There are six gates, which make it an attractive exterior. The L-shaped market, together with the mosque, were built for the mother of Mehmet IV, a powerful woman who ruled the harem and, some would say, much of the empire. Although no longer the prime spice trading area of the city, there is still the aroma of ginger, cardamom, pepper and saffron from the piles of spices sold from many stalls.p>

These days it is also popular for great varieties of lokum (turkish delight), small souvenirs, flavoured teas and local delicacies. Locals come here to shop for bed linen and towels, as well as for fruit and vegetables, coffee, clothes, pots and pans in the surrounding cramped backstreets. Outside the market on the Galata Bridge end, is this is the best place to choose olives from huge barrels, and many varieties of beyaz penir (white cheese).

PIERRE LOTI HILL

The name of the hill derives from French poet and author Pierre Loti. Around the there were many Otoman pavilions, baths, medrasahs, according to some historians the poet lived in istanbul, walking the hill he completed his boks and poems. He became well-known writer in Istanbul.

During the world war one he wrote many things for Ottomans benefits. After the war the new parliment named the hill as Pierre Loti. The hill is famous for coffee, ( known as Pierre Loti Coffee) it is located on european side near the Golden Horn, the city walls, The Golden Horn, three bridges of the Golden Horn, many mosques… Shortly whole European side can be seen from the hill.

PANAROMA 1453 MUSEUM

In the museums you can see many historical stuffs from period to period. İn İstanbul there are severel museums, panoroma 1453 is one of them but only diffrence seperating from the others, the museum is next to city walls, shows you how Constantinopolis was conquered by the Ottomans.

It tells you with many descriptions and pictures. After you read everyting about Ottomans and Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror you walk through the exhibition hall and watch the panoramic Picture which shows you the city walls, Otoman Soldier, Mehmet the Conqueror, Roman soldiers. We suggest you visit the museum with a guide.

TURKISH and ISLAMIC ART MUSEUM

It is unknown that whom and when this palace was built.only we know that the palace was used by the Grand vezier Ibrahim Pasha (1593-1536). He served as the Grand Vezier of Suleiman the Magnificant(1523-1536). He used this building as his pavilion in 16. century.

The museum is next to the Hippodrom (At Meydani) the another information about the museum is; it is the last museum, was opened by the Ottomans. The museum includes almost everything about Islamic art.

After the republic the building was turned into museum completely. The museum includes; the art of Abbasis, Umayyads, Timurids ,Andalusias, Caucasians, Parsees, Ayyubids, Safavids. many kinds of calligraphis, carpets, kilims, sarcophagus from medivial and early islamis periods. According to some historians; the palace was more beautiful then the Topkapi Palace.

GRAND BAZAAR

The oldest and biggest closed bazaar in the world, also known as the Grand Bazaar, has around 4200 shops and over 65 alleyway, covering a huge labyrinth in the city centre.

The original two structures, covered with a series of domes and remains of the 15th century walls, became a shopping area by covering the surrounding streets and adding to it over the following centuries. In Ottoman times this was the centre of trading, and a vital area of town.

TAKSIM SQUARE

While passing from historical peninsula you feel in time machine because suddenly you already left the historical constructions and you reached the modern side of Istanbul. Taksim square is considered as the central point of İstanbul. The groups and the locals meet in this square they spend time around there.

Moreover the square has a street where just next to it named as istiklal street, which is 3 km lenght. It is not allowed driving on the street, there are many kind of restaurants, bars, stores, shopping malls, etc. You can spend long time by walking, having lunch or dinner, shopping.

MINIATURK MUSEUM

Miniaturk is one of the open air museum,located near the Golden Horn in Turkey.

The museum was establish the Prime minister R.T.Erdoğan in 2003.

The museum includes the traces of Anatoian civilization constructions. By many historians the models had been choosed and placed in the museum. İt offers you a short and mystical journey among the models.

CHORA CHURCH

The building that is located in the Edirnekapı neighborhood of Istanbul and called the “Chora Museum” (Kariye Muzesi) is a church building that constitutes the center of the Chora Monastery, which was a great building complex in the Eastern Roman Empire period and it was dedicated to Jesus Christ. Since it stood outside of the city walls built by Constantine, the building was called “Chora”, which means “in the country” or “outside of the city” in Greek.

Although the exact construction date of the building is unknown, according to the description of Symeon the Metaphrast, an author and saint who lived in the late 10th century, the region where the Chora monastery was located began to gain importance as a holy cemetery (necropolis) when the relics of Saint Babylas, who had been martyred in the early periods of Christianity, in 298, together with his 84 disciples, in Nicomedia (İznik), were buried here in the early 4th century.

UNDERGROUND BASILICA CISTERN

Earby Hagia Sofia is the 6th century Byzantine underground Basilica cistern, with 335 massive Corinthian columns supporting the immense chamber's fine brick vaulting. This is one of several buried into the city's foundations, and the first to have been excavated and renovated. Thought to have been built in the 4th century by the emperor Constantine, then enlarged two centuries later, it was supplied with water from Belgrade Forest, amd supplied it to the Great Palace and Topkapi Palace.

It fell into disuse and was then restored in 1987 with the mud and water removed, and narrow raised pathways providing easy access for visitors. It is the largest covered cistern in the city, measuring 140 by 70 metres.



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